Baato -- trail
Bhanjyang -- pass
Bhatti -- tea stalls found along the trekking trails
Chautaara -- rock walls built as resting places for porters and sherpa. These walls can usually be found near a banyan tree.
Chomolungma -- Sherpa name for Mt. Everest.
Chomolungma's resident goddess is Miyo Lungsangma. She is the mother goddess of the earth. According to a religious story, five daughters of father Lhola Tebu and mother Menthang had five daughters: Tashi Tseringma, the main one who resides on Gauri Shanker, gives long life; Miyo Lungsangma gives food; Tekar Dosangma gives good fortune; Chopen Dinsangma gives wealth and Thingi Shelsangma gives telepathic powers.
Col (or la) -- high mountain pass
Crevasse -- deep fissure in snow or ice usually found in glaciers. Climbers rope-up together and walk far apart in case one drops into a hidden crevasse, others on the rope may be able to stop the fall.
Cwm (koom) -- welsh term for a cirque. The high, glaciated, southwest valley encircled by Everest, Lhotse and Nuptse was named the Western Cwm by George Mallory on a 1920 British Expedition.
Danda -- ridge
Deurali -- pass on a ridge
Dharmsala -- pilgrim's rest house
Drangka -- stream
Dzo -- male crossbreed between a yak and a cow
GPS -- Global Positioning System; a device that calculates opposition and elevation by reading and decoding signals from satellites
Himal -- snow mountain
Kaani -- an arch over a trail, usually decorated with paintings
Khola (or kosi) -- river
Kuhmbu -- region near Mount Everest. The Khumbu glacier runs down and below the southwest side of Everest. [Click here to see a Map]
Kund -- holy lake
Lekh -- hill, or foothill ridge
Lho -- south
Maati baato -- upper trail
Nak -- female yak
Nup -- west
Parbat -- mountain
Phedi -- literally 'the place at the foot of the hill'
Pokhari (or tal) -- lake
Ri -- peak
Sagarmatha -- Nepalese name for Mt. Everest. "Churning stick in the sea of existence." Tibetan, Nepalese and Sherpa mythologies believe this mountain was the first land mass to rise from the sea.
Shar -- east
Sherpa -- "People from the East." Both a tribal group and a job description of porter, climber or trek leader. Sherpas have been crucial to the success of most western expeditions to Everest. (Click here to learn more about Sherpas and their culture.)
Sherpani -- female Sherpa.
In 1993, Pasang Lhamu Sherpa was the first Sherpani to ever summit Mt. Everest. Through her, fame and pride shone on the Sherpa people.
Sirdar -- man in charge of trek crew
Ukaalo -- steep uphill
Yak -- animals used to help carry loads in high altitude regions. On an Everest expedition, each yak carries 140 pound of supplies.
Yeti -- the abominable snowman living amidst
the Himalayas. Yetis can be found populating many contemporary tankas.
Baayaan -- left (direction)
Baksheesh -- money or goods used as a donation, gift, or bribe.
Banthanti -- the place in the forest
Charpi -- latrine
Daahine -- right (direction)
Dokan (or pasal) -- shop
Doko -- porter's conical load-carrying basket
Ghar (or khangba) -- house
Jaat -- caste or ethnic group
Namaste -- common greeting. Literally, "I salute the god in you."
Paisa -- 1/100 of one Rupee
Rupee -- unit of currency in Nepal. Roughly 55 Rupees to 1 US dollar
Sidha -- straight ahead (direction)
Sonam -- good luck (Tibetan)
Tashi Delek -- another common greeting
Tempo -- three wheeled taxi similar to a rickshaw found throughout the streets in Kathmandu
Tonga -- two-wheeled, horse-drawn cart